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            全球首部西班牙語語法書《卡斯蒂利亞語語法》的歷史過程

            發布者:青島希尼爾翻譯公司      發布時間:2021-04-25

                                                                                              

            《卡斯蒂利亞語語法》作者是誰
            The author of "Grammar of Castilian"
            安東尼奧·德·內夫里哈(Antonio de Nebrija,1441-1522)

            文藝復興時期歐洲學者,西班牙語著名的教育家、歷史學家、翻譯、神學家和詩人。

            于1492年,安東尼奧出版了首部卡斯蒂利亞語語法著作《卡斯蒂利亞語語法》

            (原名:Antonii Nebrissensis語法)

            全書共68頁,這是第一部專門研究新生西班牙語及其規則的作品。


            出版經歷過程

            1479年,費爾南多二世繼承阿拉貢王位,與卡斯蒂利亞女王伊莎貝拉一世合稱天主教雙王。內夫里哈曾寫下過“語言過去永遠與帝國相伴隨”這句名言,表達了他對1479年天主教雙王統一西班牙帝國的無限期待。

            1492年1月,西班牙攻陷格拉納達的阿爾罕布拉宮,標志著收復失地運動的完結和西班牙帝國的誕生。同年,負責歷史編撰的內夫里哈把自己的《卡斯蒂利亞語語法》進獻給伊莎貝拉女王。

            從此,這本書才為世人所知,并對后來西班牙語的發展產生了深遠影響。

            這本西班牙語語法書是第一部外語或新拉丁語的語法書,它比意大利語(1516年)早24年,比意大利語(1529年)早37年,比葡萄牙語(1536年)早44年,比法語早58年。


            作者與薩拉曼卡的不解情緣

            安東尼奧的父母都是信奉天主教的猶太人,15歲起父母將他送入薩拉曼卡大學學習人文學科,那時的他就已經在智力和文學方面表現出色,后經多年深造,又回到了他的母!_拉曼卡大學擔任修辭和語法教授,也就是在這里他潛心研究并完成了第一本西班牙語語法書的編撰。同時在薩拉曼卡他還創造了另外一個第一,1492年,他在薩拉曼卡市建立了第一家印刷廠,是第一位要求版權的西方作家,值得一提的是,西班牙語語法書就是在這家印刷廠印制完成并流傳到世界各地的。

            Who is the author of "Grammar of Castilian"

            Antonio de Nebrija

            (Spanish: Antonio de Nebrija, 1441-1522)

            Renaissance European scholar, famous Spanish educator, historian, translator, theologian and poet.

            In 1492, Antonio published the first Castilian grammar "Castilian Grammar"

            (Formerly: Antonii Nebrissensis Grammar)

            The book has 68 pages. This is the first work devoted to studying Spanish for freshmen and its rules.


            Publishing experience

            In 1479, Fernando II inherited the throne of Aragon, and together with Queen Isabella I of Castile became the twin kings of Catholicism. Nebrija once wrote the famous saying "Language used to accompany the empire forever", expressing his boundless expectation for the unification of the Spanish empire by the two Catholic kings in 1479.

            In January 1492, Spain captured the Alhambra in Granada, marking the end of the movement to recover lost land and the birth of the Spanish Empire. In the same year, Nefriha, who was in charge of history compilation, dedicated his "Grammar of Castilian Language" to Queen Isabella.

            From then on, this book became known to the world and had a profound impact on the later development of Spanish.

            This Spanish grammar book is the first foreign language or neo-Latin grammar book. It is 24 years earlier than Italian (1516), 37 years earlier than Italian (1529), and earlier than Portuguese (1536) 44 years, 58 years earlier than French.


            The indissoluble bond between the author and Salamanca

            Antonio’s parents were both Catholic Jews. Since the age of 15, his parents sent him to the University of Salamanca to study the humanities. At that time, he had already performed well in intelligence and literature. After years of advanced studies, he returned to him. His alma mater, the University of Salamanca, served as a professor of rhetoric and grammar, where he devoted himself to research and completed the compilation of the first Spanish grammar book. At the same time, he also created another first in Salamanca. In 1492, he established the first printing factory in Salamanca. He was the first Western writer to claim copyright. It is worth mentioning that Spain The language and grammar books were printed in this printing factory and spread all over the world.

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